Symptoms & Causes of Neck Pain (Cervical Pain)
Chronic neck pain is often also termed as cervical pain. This is a medical condition that lasts for a period of more than 3 months. The actual pain may occur due to any type of disorder and diseases which can damage almost any tissue, bone, or gland in or nearby the neck region. The common symptoms start with the muscles in the neck region getting more tender, along with a numb feeling and a tingling and pains shooting up in your neck region. You may also start having difficulty in swallowing food.
Facet joints are mostly the main culprits of chronic neck pain condition. These are small joints located between and behind the vertebrae. They can’t be felt, since they are located deep down in spine, you can only get to know them through imaging studies. They mostly operate like the knee or the shoulder and they can become just as painful or arthritic as in the case of your knee or your shoulder. Long hours of working causes wear and tear in these joints which are the basic cause of the chronic neck pain or cervical pain. Sometimes these facets joints also get hurt during accidents and that could also become a probable cause for pain in the neck region.
A disc injury could be another common cause that might lead to chronic neck pain. The pain coming from the disc is usually a sign of the wear and tear that your disc might have suffered. The upper portion of the disc (called the Annulus) can get damaged by what we call a whiplash injury. This leads to the weakening and hurting of discs as also getting stressed while performing normal activities. The real pain starts from the nerve ends in the annulus. About 1/3 of all chronic pain sufferers suffer from disc pain. Also there may be cases of both disc and facet joints pain in some people.
The conditions mentioned so far in this article are the most likely causes of chronic neck pain. Muscle strain of the neck can also lead to acute pain, but these kinds of pain usually heal within a short time. In some people, chronic neck pain also results to cases of a pinched nerve from a herniated disc, but these are very rare cases. While growing through the list of symptoms, the neurologist must take care of the location, intensity as well as the time duration of the pain. An examination of the neck pain must be done to verify whether the nerve ends are involved in the condition.
Pinpointing the real cause of pain is very crucial to the treatment procedure of the chronic neck pain medically known as cervical pain.